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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Section edited by Manami Inoue

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

Page 1 of 20

  1. Content type: Research article

    Survival of esophageal cancer in Linzhou was seen to increase over the past few decades and is higher than the average level of China due to the implementation of comprehensive prevention and control measures....

    Authors: Shuzheng Liu, Lanwei Guo, Qiong Chen, Liang Yu, Bianyun Li, Xiaoqin Cao and Xibin Sun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:949

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Organizations that issue guidance on breast cancer recommend the use of immunohistochemistry (IHC) for providing appropriate and precise care. However, little focus has been directed to the identification of m...

    Authors: Arturo López-Pineda, Mario F Rodríguez-Moran, Cleto Álvarez-Aguilar, Sarah M Fuentes Valle, Román Acosta-Rosales, Ami S Bhatt, Shruti N Sheth and Carlos D Bustamante

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:933

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Initial primary colorectal cancer (IPCRC) has a high risk of developing into second primary colorectal cancer (SPCRC). Right-sided colon cancer (RCC) and left-sided colon cancer (LCC) have different characteri...

    Authors: Lin Yang, Zhenchong Xiong, Qian Kun Xie, Wenzhuo He, Shousheng Liu, Pengfei Kong, Chang Jiang, Xiaojun Xia and Liangping Xia

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:931

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Greater family size measured with total fertility rate (TFR) and with household size, may offer more life satisfaction to the family members. Positive psychological well-being has been postulated to decrease c...

    Authors: Wenpeng You, Frank J Rühli, Renata J Henneberg and Maciej Henneberg

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:924

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    There is a pressing need to reduce the burden of chronic disease and improve healthcare system sustainability through improved cancer and chronic disease prevention and screening (CCDPS) in primary care. We ai...

    Authors: Donna Patricia Manca, Carolina Fernandes, Eva Grunfeld, Kris Aubrey-Bassler, Melissa Shea-Budgell, Aisha Lofters, Denise Campbell-Scherer, Nicolette Sopcak, Mary Ann O’Brien, Christopher Meaney, Rahim Moineddin, Kerry McBrien, Ginetta Salvalaggio and Paul Krueger

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:927

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer incidence and mortality is high in Uyghur ethnics. Their life style and dietary habit were different from other ethnics living together. Study on the role of trace elements in HPV infection and...

    Authors: Guzhalinuer Abulizi, Yuan-Yuan Zhang, Patiman Mijiti, Hua Li, Guzhalinuer Abuduxikuer, Jing Cai, Zhi-Hong Dong, Gulimire Naizhaer, Xiu-Wei Yang, Miherinisha Maimaiti, Ling-Lu, Guligeina Abudurexiti, Gulixian Tuerxun, Kailibinuer Aierken, Yu-Jie Jiang, Li-Li…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:925

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  7. Content type: Research article

    PRKAA1 encodes α-subunit of 5-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), which has been implicated in the pathogenesis of carcinoma of the stomach. Previous works have suggested that polymorphisms in the PRKAA1 may be ...

    Authors: Minbin Chen, Baohu Jiang, Bangshun He, Min Tang, Ping Wang, Li Chen, Jianwei Lu and Peihua Lu

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:923

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  8. Content type: Study protocol

    Immunochemical fecal occult blood tests (iFOBTs) are increasingly used for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening. In our preceding observational study, sensitivity for detecting advanced colorectal neoplasms by iF...

    Authors: Kaja Tikk, David Czock, Walter E. Haefeli, Annette Kopp-Schneider and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:914

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Colorectal cancer (CRC) is an illness strongly influenced by sex and gender, with mortality rates in males significantly higher than females. There is still a dearth of understanding on where sex differences e...

    Authors: Alan White, Lucy Ironmonger, Robert J. C. Steele, Nick Ormiston-Smith, Carina Crawford and Amanda Seims

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:906

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  10. Content type: Research article

    The only available predictive models for the outcome of breast cancer patients in New Zealand (NZ) are based on data in other countries. We aimed to develop and validate a predictive model using NZ data for th...

    Authors: J. Mark Elwood, Essa Tawfiq, Sandar TinTin, Roger J. Marshall, Tung M. Phung, Ian Campbell, Vernon Harvey and Ross Lawrenson

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:897

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  11. Content type: Study protocol

    Breast and colorectal cancer are the two most common cancers in Malaysia. Low awareness coupled with stigma and erroneous beliefs delay help-seeking behaviours, lead to late presentation and contribute to poor...

    Authors: Désirée Schliemann, Michael Donnelly, Maznah Dahlui, Siew Yim Loh, Nor Saleha Binti Tamin Ibrahim, Saunthari Somasundaram, Conan Donnelly and Tin Tin Su

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:881

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Cancer risk is associated with serum iron levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether haematological parameters reflect serum iron levels and may also be associated with cancer risk.

    Authors: Niwansa Adris, Anita Chai Geik Chua, Matthew William Knuiman, Mark Laurence Divitini, Debbie Trinder and John Kevin Olynyk

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:863

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Observational studies have reported conflicting results on the impact of mammography service screening programmes on the advanced breast cancer rate (ABCR), a correlation that was firmly established in randomi...

    Authors: M. J. M. Broeders, P. Allgood, S. W. Duffy, S. Hofvind, I. D. Nagtegaal, E. Paci, S. M. Moss and L. Bucchi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:860

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The value of hospital registries for describing treatment and survival outcomes for vulval cancer was investigated. Hospital registry data from four major public hospitals in 1984–2016 were used because popula...

    Authors: David Roder, Margaret Davy, Sid Selva-Nayagam, Sellvakumaram Paramasivam, Jacqui Adams, Dorothy Keefe, Ian Olver, Caroline Miller, Elizabeth Buckley, Kate Powell, Kellie Fusco, Dianne Buranyi-Trevarton and Martin K. Oehler

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:858

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer screening is not recommended for women who underwent hysterectomy with no history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) of grade 2 or higher. We aimed to determine the cervical cancer scr...

    Authors: Ji-Yeon Shin, Kui Son Choi, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park and Jae Kwan Jun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:810

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In this retrospective study, data from patients listed in the Korea Central Cancer Registry during 1993–2014 were analysed, to investigate the incidence and survival of second primary cancers (SPCs) after a di...

    Authors: Myong Cheol Lim, Young-Joo Won, Jiwon Lim, Tahereh Salehi, Chong Woo Yoo and Robert E. Bristow

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:800

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and diabetes are two risk factors for cancer. To evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) with cancer risk in diabetic patients may improve current understanding of potential mechanisms.

    Authors: Hui-lin Xu, Min-lu Zhang, Yu-jie Yan, Fang Fang, Qi Guo, Dong-li Xu, Zuo-feng Zhang, Fen Zhang, Nai-qing Zhao, Wang-hong Xu and Guo-you Qin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:795

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The advancements in cancer therapy have improved the clinical outcomes of cancer patients in recent decades. However, advanced cancer therapy is expensive and requires good health care systems. For kidney canc...

    Authors: Wen-Wei Sung, Shao-Chuan Wang, Tzuo-Yi Hsieh, Cheng-Ju Ho, Cheng-Yu Huang, Yu-Lin Kao, Wen-Jung Chen and Sung-Lang Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:792

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  19. Content type: Study protocol

    Early detection of oesophageal cancer improves outcomes; however, the optimal strategy for identifying patients at increased risk from the pre-cancerous lesion Barrett’s oesophagus (BE) is not clear. The Cytos...

    Authors: Judith Offman, Beth Muldrew, Maria O’Donovan, Irene Debiram-Beecham, Francesca Pesola, Irene Kaimi, Samuel G. Smith, Ashley Wilson, Zohrah Khan, Pierre Lao-Sirieix, Benoit Aigret, Fiona M. Walter, Greg Rubin, Steve Morris, Christopher Jackson, Peter Sasieni…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:784

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of breast cancer has increased since the 1970s. Despite favorable trends in prognosis, the role of changes in clinical practice and the introduction of screening remain controversial. We examined...

    Authors: José Antonio Baeyens-Fernández, Elena Molina-Portillo, Marina Pollán, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Rosario Del Moral, Lorenzo Arribas-Mir, Emilio Sánchez-Cantalejo Ramírez and María-José Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:781

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Cases of non-traumatic splenic rupture are rare and entails a potentially grave medical outcome. Hence, it is important to consider the differential diagnosis of a non-traumatic splenic rupture in patients wit...

    Authors: Kogulakrishnan Kaniappan, Christopher Thiam Seong Lim and Pek Woon Chin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:779

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Ovarian cancer is one of the most lethal cancers and women with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have even poorer survival from it. We assessed the prognosis of ovarian cancer in women with type 2 diabetes treated with m...

    Authors: Elina Urpilainen, Mikko Marttila, Ari Hautakoski, Martti Arffman, Reijo Sund, Pirjo Ilanne-Parikka, Reetta Arima, Jenni Kangaskokko, Ulla Puistola, Marianne Hinkula and Esa Läärä

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:767

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  23. Content type: Study protocol

    Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis and treatment is a key factor in reducing mortality and improving patient outcomes. To achieve this, it is important to understan...

    Authors: Danielle Mazza, Xiaoping Lin, Fiona M. Walter, Jane M. Young, David J. Barnes, Paul Mitchell, Bianca Brijnath, Andrew Martin and Jon D. Emery

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:754

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Approximately one third of the colorectal cancer survivors (CRCS) experience high levels of psychological distress. Common concerns experienced by CRCS include distress related to physical problems, anxiety, f...

    Authors: L. Leermakers, S. Döking, B. Thewes, A. M. J. Braamse, M. F. M. Gielissen, J. H. W. de Wilt, E. H. Collette, J. Dekker and J. B. Prins

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:748

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in Kenya. However, only 3% of women are routinely screened. This study aimed to assess women’s knowledge and attitudes towards cervical cancer and cervical...

    Authors: Murithi Gatumo, Susan Gacheri, Abdul-Rauf Sayed and Andrew Scheibe

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:745

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Quality of cancer care (QoCC) has become an important item for providers, regulators and purchasers of care worldwide. Aim of this study is to present the results of some evidence-based quality indicators (QI)...

    Authors: Laura Ortelli, Alessandra Spitale, Luca Mazzucchelli and Andrea Bordoni

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:733

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  27. Content type: Study protocol

    Medication adherence refers to whether a patient takes medication according to the frequency prescribed, or continues to take a prescribed medication. Inadequate adherence to medication may cause alterations i...

    Authors: Yunxin He, Eng Hooi Tan, Andrea Li Ann Wong, Chuan Chien Tan, Patrick Wong, Soo Chin Lee and Bee Choo Tai

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:727

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  28. Content type: Study protocol

    People aged 40–60 years with a family history (FH) of colorectal cancer (CRC) in 1st degree relatives (FDRs) have a 2- to 4-fold increased risk of CRC compared to the average risk population. Therefore, expert...

    Authors: Kaja Tikk, Korbinian Weigl, Michael Hoffmeister, Svitlana Igel, Matthias Schwab, Jochen Hampe, Stefanie J. Klug, Ulrich Mansmann, Frank Kolligs and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:720

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Trans-arterial radio-embolization (TARE) is an emerging treatment for the management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TARE may compete with systemic chemotherapy, sorafenib, in intermediate stage patients wi...

    Authors: Carla Rognoni, Oriana Ciani, Silvia Sommariva, Irene Bargellini, Sherrie Bhoori, Roberto Cioni, Antonio Facciorusso, Rita Golfieri, Annagiulia Gramenzi, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Cristina Mosconi, Francesca Ponziani, Rodolfo Sacco, Franco Trevisani and Rosanna Tarricone

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:715

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Usually misdiagnosed, Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) is the most aggressive form of non-metastatic breast cancer. This orphan disease is more frequent in North Africa. Despite intensive treatment, the surviv...

    Authors: Meriem Slaoui, Abdou Azaque Zoure, Fatima Zahra Mouh, Youssef Bensouda, Mohammed El Mzibri, Youssef Bakri and Mariam Amrani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:713

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the Caribbean, including the islands of Trinidad and Tobago (TT). The population of TT consists of over 1.3 million people with diverse ancestral and sociocultura...

    Authors: Wayne A. Warner, Tammy Y. Lee, Kimberly Badal, Tanisha M. Williams, Smriti Bajracharya, Vasavi Sundaram, Nigel A. Bascombe, Ravi Maharaj, Marjorie Lamont-Greene, Allana Roach, Melissa Bondy, Matthew J. Ellis, Timothy R. Rebbeck, Simeon Slovacek, Jingqin Luo, Adetunji T. Toriola…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:712

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) incidence is increasing rapidly. Esophageal cancer has the second lowest 5-year survival rate of people diagnosed with cancer in Canada. Given the poor survival and the potentia...

    Authors: Hla-Hla Thein, Nathaniel Jembere, Kednapa Thavorn, Kelvin K. W. Chan, Peter C. Coyte, Claire de Oliveira, Chin Hur and Craig C. Earle

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:694

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic cancer is the fourth-leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. The silent nature of the disease and its poor prognosis, the need for further research, along with the need to assess the ou...

    Authors: Anas M. Saad, Tarek Turk, Muneer J. Al-Husseini and Omar Abdel-Rahman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:688

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  34. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to explore the opinions of healthcare professionals regarding the management of men with advanced prostate cancer with particular emphasis on treatment timing and sequencing; treatment adverse...

    Authors: Rosa U. Greasley, Rebecca Turner, Karen Collins, Janet Brown, Liam Bourke and Derek J. Rosario

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:667

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  35. Content type: Review

    Gallbladder cancer is a rare malignancy of the biliary tract with a poor prognosis, frequently presenting at an advanced stage. While rare in the United States overall, gallbladder cancer has an elevated incid...

    Authors: Jacklyn M. Nemunaitis, Ursa Brown-Glabeman, Heloisa Soares, Jessica Belmonte, Ben Liem, Itzhak Nir, Victor Phuoc and Rama R. Gullapalli

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:665

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  36. Content type: Research article

    High triglycerides and low levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol are observed to promote tumor growth. However, whether breast cancer heterogeneity may explain the contradictory influence of tri...

    Authors: Trygve Lofterød, Elin S. Mortensen, Hawa Nalwoga, Tom Wilsgaard, Hanne Frydenberg, Terje Risberg, Anne Elise Eggen, Anne McTiernan, Sura Aziz, Erik A. Wist, Andreas Stensvold, Jon B. Reitan, Lars A. Akslen and Inger Thune

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:654

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Although some countries have observed a stabilization in the incidence of CNS, an increasing incidence has been reported from multiple studies. Recent observations point out to the heterogeneity of incidence t...

    Authors: Camille Pouchieu, Anne Gruber, Emilie Berteaud, Patrice Ménégon, Pascal Monteil, Aymeri Huchet, Jean-Rodolphe Vignes, Anne Vital, Hugues Loiseau and Isabelle Baldi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:653

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  38. Content type: Research article

    Despite the clear endocrine-metabolic relationship between androgenic activity and adiposity, the role of androgens in breast cancer prognosis according to patient’s adiposity is scarcely explored. Here, we ai...

    Authors: Elisabetta Venturelli, Annalisa Orenti, Aline S. C. Fabricio, Giulia Garrone, Roberto Agresti, Biagio Paolini, Chiara Bonini, Massimo Gion, Franco Berrino, Christine Desmedt, Danila Coradini and Elia Biganzoli

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:651

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Cancer 2018 18:876

  39. Content type: Research article

    Growing evidence demonstrates that exposure to organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) is widespread and that these chemicals can alter thyroid hormone regulation and function. We investigated the relationship...

    Authors: Nicole C. Deziel, Huangdi Yi, Heather M. Stapleton, Huang Huang, Nan Zhao and Yawei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:637

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is the most common malignancy encountered during pregnancy. However, the burden of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) and subsequent care is understudied in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Here,...

    Authors: Jean Marie Vianney Dusengimana, Vedaste Hategekimana, Ryan Borg, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Neil Gupta, Susan Troyan, Lawrence N. Shulman, Ignace Nzayisenga, Temidayo Fadelu, Tharcisse Mpunga and Lydia E. Pace

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:634

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic cancer is acquiring increasing prominence as a cause of cancer death in the population. The purpose of this study was to analyze long-term pancreatic cancer mortality trends in Spain and evaluate th...

    Authors: Daniel Seoane-Mato, Olivier Nuñez, Nerea Fernández-de-Larrea, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Marina Pollán, Gonzalo López-Abente and Nuria Aragonés

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:625

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge on periprosthetic infection and mortality rate following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is essential for justifying this treatment in patients with cancer; however, relevant data from population-based...

    Authors: Feng-Chen Kao, Yao-Chun Hsu, Pang-Yu Lai, Chang-Bi Wang, Yuan-Kun Tu and Wen-Kang Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:628

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Within a dramatic socio-political context, cancer represents a growing health burden in the Gaza Strip. We investigated the survival experience of people diagnosed with breast (BC) or colorectal (CRC) cancer f...

    Authors: Chiara Panato, Khaled Abusamaan, Ettore Bidoli, Mokhtar Hamdi-Cherif, Daniela Pierannunzio, Stefano Ferretti, Mahmoud Daher, Fouad Elissawi and Diego Serraino

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:632

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  44. Content type: Research article

    Currently, young colon cancer (CC) patients continue to increase and represent a heterogeneous patient group. The aim of this study was to explore the optimal minimum lymph node count after CC resection for yo...

    Authors: Xu Guan, Yuliuming Wang, Hanqing Hu, Zhixun Zhao, Zheng Jiang, Zheng Liu, Yinggang Chen, Guiyu Wang and Xishan Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:623

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  45. Content type: Research article

    Emergency presentations (EP) represent over a third of all lung cancer admissions in England. Such presentations usually reflect late stage disease and are associated with poor survival. General practitioners ...

    Authors: Camille Maringe, Nora Pashayan, Francisco Javier Rubio, George Ploubidis, Stephen W. Duffy, Bernard Rachet and Rosalind Raine

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:615

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  46. Content type: Research article

    For the expanding population of bladder cancer survivors in Korea, the development of subsequent cancers is a significant concern. Here, we provide the second primary cancer incidence rates and types in Korean...

    Authors: Whi-An Kwon, Jae Young Joung, Jiwon Lim, Chang-Mo Oh, Kyu-Won Jung, Sung Han Kim, Ho Kyung Seo, Weon Seo Park, Jinsoo Chung, Kang Hyun Lee and Young-Joo Won

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:617

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  47. Content type: Research article

    Earlier epidemiological studies indicate that associations between obesity and breast cancer risk may not only depend on menopausal status and use of exogenous hormones, but might also differ by tumor subtype....

    Authors: Cina J. Nattenmüller, Mark Kriegsmann, Disorn Sookthai, Renée Turzanski Fortner, Annika Steffen, Britta Walter, Theron Johnson, Jutta Kneisel, Verena Katzke, Manuela Bergmann, Hans Peter Sinn, Peter Schirmacher, Esther Herpel, Heiner Boeing, Rudolf Kaaks and Tilman Kühn

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:616

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