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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Section edited by Manami Inoue

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

Page 1 of 19

  1. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer screening is not recommended for women who underwent hysterectomy with no history of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) of grade 2 or higher. We aimed to determine the cervical cancer scr...

    Authors: Ji-Yeon Shin, Kui Son Choi, Mina Suh, Boyoung Park and Jae Kwan Jun

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:810

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  2. Content type: Research article

    In this retrospective study, data from patients listed in the Korea Central Cancer Registry during 1993–2014 were analysed, to investigate the incidence and survival of second primary cancers (SPCs) after a di...

    Authors: Myong Cheol Lim, Young-Joo Won, Jiwon Lim, Tahereh Salehi, Chong Woo Yoo and Robert E. Bristow

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:800

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Obesity and diabetes are two risk factors for cancer. To evaluate the association of body mass index (BMI) with cancer risk in diabetic patients may improve current understanding of potential mechanisms.

    Authors: Hui-lin Xu, Min-lu Zhang, Yu-jie Yan, Fang Fang, Qi Guo, Dong-li Xu, Zuo-feng Zhang, Fen Zhang, Nai-qing Zhao, Wang-hong Xu and Guo-you Qin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:795

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The advancements in cancer therapy have improved the clinical outcomes of cancer patients in recent decades. However, advanced cancer therapy is expensive and requires good health care systems. For kidney canc...

    Authors: Wen-Wei Sung, Shao-Chuan Wang, Tzuo-Yi Hsieh, Cheng-Ju Ho, Cheng-Yu Huang, Yu-Lin Kao, Wen-Jung Chen and Sung-Lang Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:792

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  5. Content type: Study protocol

    Early detection of oesophageal cancer improves outcomes; however, the optimal strategy for identifying patients at increased risk from the pre-cancerous lesion Barrett’s oesophagus (BE) is not clear. The Cytos...

    Authors: Judith Offman, Beth Muldrew, Maria O’Donovan, Irene Debiram-Beecham, Francesca Pesola, Irene Kaimi, Samuel G. Smith, Ashley Wilson, Zohrah Khan, Pierre Lao-Sirieix, Benoit Aigret, Fiona M. Walter, Greg Rubin, Steve Morris, Christopher Jackson, Peter Sasieni…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:784

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The incidence of breast cancer has increased since the 1970s. Despite favorable trends in prognosis, the role of changes in clinical practice and the introduction of screening remain controversial. We examined...

    Authors: José Antonio Baeyens-Fernández, Elena Molina-Portillo, Marina Pollán, Miguel Rodríguez-Barranco, Rosario Del Moral, Lorenzo Arribas-Mir, Emilio Sánchez-Cantalejo Ramírez and María-José Sánchez

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:781

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Cases of non-traumatic splenic rupture are rare and entails a potentially grave medical outcome. Hence, it is important to consider the differential diagnosis of a non-traumatic splenic rupture in patients wit...

    Authors: Kogulakrishnan Kaniappan, Christopher Thiam Seong Lim and Pek Woon Chin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:779

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Ovarian cancer is one of the most lethal cancers and women with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have even poorer survival from it. We assessed the prognosis of ovarian cancer in women with type 2 diabetes treated with m...

    Authors: Elina Urpilainen, Mikko Marttila, Ari Hautakoski, Martti Arffman, Reijo Sund, Pirjo Ilanne-Parikka, Reetta Arima, Jenni Kangaskokko, Ulla Puistola, Marianne Hinkula and Esa Läärä

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:767

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  9. Content type: Study protocol

    Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Early diagnosis and treatment is a key factor in reducing mortality and improving patient outcomes. To achieve this, it is important to understan...

    Authors: Danielle Mazza, Xiaoping Lin, Fiona M. Walter, Jane M. Young, David J. Barnes, Paul Mitchell, Bianca Brijnath, Andrew Martin and Jon D. Emery

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:754

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  10. Content type: Study protocol

    Approximately one third of the colorectal cancer survivors (CRCS) experience high levels of psychological distress. Common concerns experienced by CRCS include distress related to physical problems, anxiety, f...

    Authors: L. Leermakers, S. Döking, B. Thewes, A. M. J. Braamse, M. F. M. Gielissen, J. H. W. de Wilt, E. H. Collette, J. Dekker and J. B. Prins

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:748

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is the most common cancer among women in Kenya. However, only 3% of women are routinely screened. This study aimed to assess women’s knowledge and attitudes towards cervical cancer and cervical...

    Authors: Murithi Gatumo, Susan Gacheri, Abdul-Rauf Sayed and Andrew Scheibe

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:745

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Quality of cancer care (QoCC) has become an important item for providers, regulators and purchasers of care worldwide. Aim of this study is to present the results of some evidence-based quality indicators (QI)...

    Authors: Laura Ortelli, Alessandra Spitale, Luca Mazzucchelli and Andrea Bordoni

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:733

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  13. Content type: Study protocol

    Medication adherence refers to whether a patient takes medication according to the frequency prescribed, or continues to take a prescribed medication. Inadequate adherence to medication may cause alterations i...

    Authors: Yunxin He, Eng Hooi Tan, Andrea Li Ann Wong, Chuan Chien Tan, Patrick Wong, Soo Chin Lee and Bee Choo Tai

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:727

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  14. Content type: Study protocol

    People aged 40–60 years with a family history (FH) of colorectal cancer (CRC) in 1st degree relatives (FDRs) have a 2- to 4-fold increased risk of CRC compared to the average risk population. Therefore, expert...

    Authors: Kaja Tikk, Korbinian Weigl, Michael Hoffmeister, Svitlana Igel, Matthias Schwab, Jochen Hampe, Stefanie J. Klug, Ulrich Mansmann, Frank Kolligs and Hermann Brenner

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:720

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Trans-arterial radio-embolization (TARE) is an emerging treatment for the management of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). TARE may compete with systemic chemotherapy, sorafenib, in intermediate stage patients wi...

    Authors: Carla Rognoni, Oriana Ciani, Silvia Sommariva, Irene Bargellini, Sherrie Bhoori, Roberto Cioni, Antonio Facciorusso, Rita Golfieri, Annagiulia Gramenzi, Vincenzo Mazzaferro, Cristina Mosconi, Francesca Ponziani, Rodolfo Sacco, Franco Trevisani and Rosanna Tarricone

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:715

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  16. Content type: Research article

    Usually misdiagnosed, Inflammatory Breast Cancer (IBC) is the most aggressive form of non-metastatic breast cancer. This orphan disease is more frequent in North Africa. Despite intensive treatment, the surviv...

    Authors: Meriem Slaoui, Abdou Azaque Zoure, Fatima Zahra Mouh, Youssef Bensouda, Mohammed El Mzibri, Youssef Bakri and Mariam Amrani

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:713

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the Caribbean, including the islands of Trinidad and Tobago (TT). The population of TT consists of over 1.3 million people with diverse ancestral and sociocultura...

    Authors: Wayne A. Warner, Tammy Y. Lee, Kimberly Badal, Tanisha M. Williams, Smriti Bajracharya, Vasavi Sundaram, Nigel A. Bascombe, Ravi Maharaj, Marjorie Lamont-Greene, Allana Roach, Melissa Bondy, Matthew J. Ellis, Timothy R. Rebbeck, Simeon Slovacek, Jingqin Luo, Adetunji T. Toriola…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:712

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC) incidence is increasing rapidly. Esophageal cancer has the second lowest 5-year survival rate of people diagnosed with cancer in Canada. Given the poor survival and the potentia...

    Authors: Hla-Hla Thein, Nathaniel Jembere, Kednapa Thavorn, Kelvin K. W. Chan, Peter C. Coyte, Claire de Oliveira, Chin Hur and Craig C. Earle

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:694

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic cancer is the fourth-leading cause of cancer deaths in the United States. The silent nature of the disease and its poor prognosis, the need for further research, along with the need to assess the ou...

    Authors: Anas M. Saad, Tarek Turk, Muneer J. Al-Husseini and Omar Abdel-Rahman

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:688

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  20. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to explore the opinions of healthcare professionals regarding the management of men with advanced prostate cancer with particular emphasis on treatment timing and sequencing; treatment adverse...

    Authors: Rosa U. Greasley, Rebecca Turner, Karen Collins, Janet Brown, Liam Bourke and Derek J. Rosario

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:667

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  21. Content type: Review

    Gallbladder cancer is a rare malignancy of the biliary tract with a poor prognosis, frequently presenting at an advanced stage. While rare in the United States overall, gallbladder cancer has an elevated incid...

    Authors: Jacklyn M. Nemunaitis, Ursa Brown-Glabeman, Heloisa Soares, Jessica Belmonte, Ben Liem, Itzhak Nir, Victor Phuoc and Rama R. Gullapalli

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:665

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  22. Content type: Research article

    High triglycerides and low levels of high density lipoprotein (HDL)-cholesterol are observed to promote tumor growth. However, whether breast cancer heterogeneity may explain the contradictory influence of tri...

    Authors: Trygve Lofterød, Elin S. Mortensen, Hawa Nalwoga, Tom Wilsgaard, Hanne Frydenberg, Terje Risberg, Anne Elise Eggen, Anne McTiernan, Sura Aziz, Erik A. Wist, Andreas Stensvold, Jon B. Reitan, Lars A. Akslen and Inger Thune

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:654

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Although some countries have observed a stabilization in the incidence of CNS, an increasing incidence has been reported from multiple studies. Recent observations point out to the heterogeneity of incidence t...

    Authors: Camille Pouchieu, Anne Gruber, Emilie Berteaud, Patrice Ménégon, Pascal Monteil, Aymeri Huchet, Jean-Rodolphe Vignes, Anne Vital, Hugues Loiseau and Isabelle Baldi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:653

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Despite the clear endocrine-metabolic relationship between androgenic activity and adiposity, the role of androgens in breast cancer prognosis according to patient’s adiposity is scarcely explored. Here, we ai...

    Authors: Elisabetta Venturelli, Annalisa Orenti, Aline S. C. Fabricio, Giulia Garrone, Roberto Agresti, Biagio Paolini, Chiara Bonini, Massimo Gion, Franco Berrino, Christine Desmedt, Danila Coradini and Elia Biganzoli

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:651

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Growing evidence demonstrates that exposure to organophosphate flame retardants (PFRs) is widespread and that these chemicals can alter thyroid hormone regulation and function. We investigated the relationship...

    Authors: Nicole C. Deziel, Huangdi Yi, Heather M. Stapleton, Huang Huang, Nan Zhao and Yawei Zhang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:637

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Breast cancer is the most common malignancy encountered during pregnancy. However, the burden of pregnancy-associated breast cancer (PABC) and subsequent care is understudied in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Here,...

    Authors: Jean Marie Vianney Dusengimana, Vedaste Hategekimana, Ryan Borg, Bethany Hedt-Gauthier, Neil Gupta, Susan Troyan, Lawrence N. Shulman, Ignace Nzayisenga, Temidayo Fadelu, Tharcisse Mpunga and Lydia E. Pace

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:634

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Pancreatic cancer is acquiring increasing prominence as a cause of cancer death in the population. The purpose of this study was to analyze long-term pancreatic cancer mortality trends in Spain and evaluate th...

    Authors: Daniel Seoane-Mato, Olivier Nuñez, Nerea Fernández-de-Larrea, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Marina Pollán, Gonzalo López-Abente and Nuria Aragonés

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:625

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Knowledge on periprosthetic infection and mortality rate following total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is essential for justifying this treatment in patients with cancer; however, relevant data from population-based...

    Authors: Feng-Chen Kao, Yao-Chun Hsu, Pang-Yu Lai, Chang-Bi Wang, Yuan-Kun Tu and Wen-Kang Chen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:628

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  29. Content type: Research article

    Within a dramatic socio-political context, cancer represents a growing health burden in the Gaza Strip. We investigated the survival experience of people diagnosed with breast (BC) or colorectal (CRC) cancer f...

    Authors: Chiara Panato, Khaled Abusamaan, Ettore Bidoli, Mokhtar Hamdi-Cherif, Daniela Pierannunzio, Stefano Ferretti, Mahmoud Daher, Fouad Elissawi and Diego Serraino

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:632

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  30. Content type: Research article

    Currently, young colon cancer (CC) patients continue to increase and represent a heterogeneous patient group. The aim of this study was to explore the optimal minimum lymph node count after CC resection for yo...

    Authors: Xu Guan, Yuliuming Wang, Hanqing Hu, Zhixun Zhao, Zheng Jiang, Zheng Liu, Yinggang Chen, Guiyu Wang and Xishan Wang

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:623

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Emergency presentations (EP) represent over a third of all lung cancer admissions in England. Such presentations usually reflect late stage disease and are associated with poor survival. General practitioners ...

    Authors: Camille Maringe, Nora Pashayan, Francisco Javier Rubio, George Ploubidis, Stephen W. Duffy, Bernard Rachet and Rosalind Raine

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:615

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  32. Content type: Research article

    For the expanding population of bladder cancer survivors in Korea, the development of subsequent cancers is a significant concern. Here, we provide the second primary cancer incidence rates and types in Korean...

    Authors: Whi-An Kwon, Jae Young Joung, Jiwon Lim, Chang-Mo Oh, Kyu-Won Jung, Sung Han Kim, Ho Kyung Seo, Weon Seo Park, Jinsoo Chung, Kang Hyun Lee and Young-Joo Won

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:617

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  33. Content type: Research article

    Earlier epidemiological studies indicate that associations between obesity and breast cancer risk may not only depend on menopausal status and use of exogenous hormones, but might also differ by tumor subtype....

    Authors: Cina J. Nattenmüller, Mark Kriegsmann, Disorn Sookthai, Renée Turzanski Fortner, Annika Steffen, Britta Walter, Theron Johnson, Jutta Kneisel, Verena Katzke, Manuela Bergmann, Hans Peter Sinn, Peter Schirmacher, Esther Herpel, Heiner Boeing, Rudolf Kaaks and Tilman Kühn

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:616

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  34. Content type: Research article

    The survival of patients with ovarian cancer has improved because of surgery and chemotherapy. This study aimed to estimate the changes in survival rates among Korean women with ovarian cancer prior to the int...

    Authors: Jung-Yun Lee, Sunghoon Kim, Young Tae Kim, Myong Cheol Lim, Boram Lee, Kyu-Won Jung, Jae Weon Kim, Sang-Yoon Park and Young-Joo Won

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:601

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  35. Content type: Case report

    Haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is considered to be a large challenge for clinicians due to the variable overlaps of symptoms with other severe diseases and a high rate of mortality. Prompt diagnosis...

    Authors: Fei Li, Xiaojie Zhang, Yunyun Wang, Ailin Yang, Zhanglin Zhang, Weiping Tang, Nan Zhong and Huidong Shi

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:604

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  36. Content type: Research article

    The expression alterations of B4GALT1 have been noted in some types of cancer and they are related to cancer cell proliferation, invasiveness, metastasis, and drug resistance. We aimed to establish the express...

    Authors: Huyang Xie, Yu Zhu, Junyu Zhang, Zheng Liu, Hangcheng Fu, Yifan Cao, Gaoxiang Li, Yijun Shen, Bo Dai, Jiejie Xu and Dingwei Ye

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:590

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  37. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is a global leading cause of morbidity and mortality, attributable to the death of approximately 266,000 women every year. Majority (87%) of cervical cancer deaths occur in developing countries...

    Authors: Mabula M. Mabelele, John Materu, Faraja D. Ng’ida and Michael J. Mahande

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:565

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  38. Content type: Research article

    A low cost and accurate method for detecting high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) is important to permit HPV testing for cervical cancer prevention. We used a commercially available HPV method (H13, Hybri...

    Authors: Hong Lou, Eduardo Gharzouzi, Sarita Polo Guerra, Joël Fokom Domgue, Julie Sawitzke, Guillermo Villagran, Lisa Garland, Joseph F. Boland, Sarah Wagner, Héctor Rosas, Jami Troxler, Heidi McMillen, Bailey Kessing, Enrique Alvirez, Miriam Castillo, Hesler Morales…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:562

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  39. Content type: Research article

    High resolution anoscopy (HRA) examination is regarded as the best method for the management of anal high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions to prevent anal squamous carcinoma. However, little is known abo...

    Authors: Anke De-Masi, Esther Davis, Tamzin Cuming, Noreen Chindawi, Francesca Pesola, Carmelina Cappello, Susan Chambers, Julie Bowring, Adam N. Rosenthal, Peter Sasieni and Mayura Nathan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:554

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  40. Content type: Research article

    Studies have shown that morbidity and mortality rates due to cancer among recent immigrants are lower than those among the native-born population. The objectives of this study were to describe the incidence of...

    Authors: Jennifer Shuldiner, Ying Liu and Aisha Lofters

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:537

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  41. Content type: Research article

    Metabolomics is emerging as an important tool for detecting differences between diseased and non-diseased individuals. However, prospective studies are limited.

    Authors: Marcelle M. Dougan, Yuqing Li, Lisa W. Chu, Robert W. Haile, Alice S. Whittemore, Summer S. Han, Steven C. Moore, Joshua N. Sampson, Irene L. Andrulis, Esther M. John and Ann W. Hsing

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:532

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  42. Content type: Research article

    Polycythemia vera (PV) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm associated with increased thrombotic and cardiovascular risk, which are key contributors to patient morbidity and mortality. The Veterans Health Administ...

    Authors: Shreekant Parasuraman, Jingbo Yu, Dilan Paranagama, Sulena Shrestha, Li Wang, Onur Baser and Robyn Scherber

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:528

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  43. Content type: Research article

    Short telomeres have been associated with increased risk of many cancers, particularly cancers of the gastrointestinal tract including esophagus and stomach. However, the association between telomere length (T...

    Authors: Sheetal Hardikar, Andrea N. Burnett-Hartman, Amanda I. Phipps, Melissa P. Upton, Lee-Ching Zhu and Polly A. Newcomb

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:513

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