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Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Section edited by Manami Inoue

This section aims to consider publications which focus on all aspects of cancer epidemiology including risk factors for disease initiation and development, social determinants, environmental, behavioural, and occupational correlates, and the impact of health policies, practices and interventions on the community.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Cervical cancer is a global leading cause of morbidity and mortality, attributable to the death of approximately 266,000 women every year. Majority (87%) of cervical cancer deaths occur in developing countries...

    Authors: Mabula M. Mabelele, John Materu, Faraja D. Ng’ida and Michael J. Mahande

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:565

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  2. Content type: Research article

    A low cost and accurate method for detecting high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) is important to permit HPV testing for cervical cancer prevention. We used a commercially available HPV method (H13, Hybri...

    Authors: Hong Lou, Eduardo Gharzouzi, Sarita Polo Guerra, Joël Fokom Domgue, Julie Sawitzke, Guillermo Villagran, Lisa Garland, Joseph F. Boland, Sarah Wagner, Héctor Rosas, Jami Troxler, Heidi McMillen, Bailey Kessing, Enrique Alvirez, Miriam Castillo, Hesler Morales…

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:562

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  3. Content type: Research article

    High resolution anoscopy (HRA) examination is regarded as the best method for the management of anal high grade squamous intraepithelial lesions to prevent anal squamous carcinoma. However, little is known abo...

    Authors: Anke De-Masi, Esther Davis, Tamzin Cuming, Noreen Chindawi, Francesca Pesola, Carmelina Cappello, Susan Chambers, Julie Bowring, Adam N. Rosenthal, Peter Sasieni and Mayura Nathan

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:554

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Studies have shown that morbidity and mortality rates due to cancer among recent immigrants are lower than those among the native-born population. The objectives of this study were to describe the incidence of...

    Authors: Jennifer Shuldiner, Ying Liu and Aisha Lofters

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:537

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Metabolomics is emerging as an important tool for detecting differences between diseased and non-diseased individuals. However, prospective studies are limited.

    Authors: Marcelle M. Dougan, Yuqing Li, Lisa W. Chu, Robert W. Haile, Alice S. Whittemore, Summer S. Han, Steven C. Moore, Joshua N. Sampson, Irene L. Andrulis, Esther M. John and Ann W. Hsing

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:532

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Polycythemia vera (PV) is a myeloproliferative neoplasm associated with increased thrombotic and cardiovascular risk, which are key contributors to patient morbidity and mortality. The Veterans Health Administ...

    Authors: Shreekant Parasuraman, Jingbo Yu, Dilan Paranagama, Sulena Shrestha, Li Wang, Onur Baser and Robyn Scherber

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:528

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  7. Content type: Research article

    The fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is easier to use and more sensitive than the guaiac fecal occult blood test, but it is unclear how to optimize FIT performance. We compared the sensitivity and specificity f...

    Authors: Elizabeth G. Liles, Nancy Perrin, Ana G. Rosales, David H. Smith, Adrianne C. Feldstein, David M. Mosen and Theodore R. Levin

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:509

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Stage is a key predictor of cancer survival. Complete cancer staging is vital for understanding outcomes at population level and monitoring the efficacy of early diagnosis initiatives. Cancer registries usuall...

    Authors: Chiara Di Girolamo, Sarah Walters, Sara Benitez Majano, Bernard Rachet, Michel P. Coleman, Edmund Njeru Njagi and Melanie Morris

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:492

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Following the recommendation of lung cancer screening in the US, screening committees in several European countries are reviewing the evidence for implementing national programmes. However, inadequate particip...

    Authors: Samantha L. Quaife, Charlotte Vrinten, Mamta Ruparel, Samuel M. Janes, Rebecca J. Beeken, Jo Waller and Andy McEwen

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:497

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Short telomeres have been associated with increased risk of many cancers, particularly cancers of the gastrointestinal tract including esophagus and stomach. However, the association between telomere length (T...

    Authors: Sheetal Hardikar, Andrea N. Burnett-Hartman, Amanda I. Phipps, Melissa P. Upton, Lee-Ching Zhu and Polly A. Newcomb

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:513

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  11. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to provide more information for cancer prevention strategies by determining the distribution of human papilloma virus (HPV) genotype prevalence in invasive cervical carcinoma (ICC) and precanc...

    Authors: Hongyun WANG, Xiaodong CHENG, Jing YE, Xiuyun XU, Ying HONG, Long SUI, Zhixue YOU and Xing XIE

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:487

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) public research database does not include chemotherapy data due to concerns for incomplete ascertainment. To compensate for perceived lack of data quality man...

    Authors: Mark A. Healy, Arden M. Morris, Paul Abrahamse, Kevin C. Ward, Ikuko Kato and Christine M. Veenstra

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:481

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  13. Content type: Research article

    A gradual decline in the incidence of breast cancer is documented in developed countries especially over last two decades, while in developing countries the incidence continues to rise. We conducted this study...

    Authors: Ashan Fernando, Umesh Jayarajah, Saumyakala Prabashani, Eshani A. Fernando and Sanjeewa A. Seneviratne

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:482

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  14. Content type: Research article

    In the United States, race and socioeconomic status are well known predictors of adverse outcomes in several different cancers. Existing evidence suggests that race and socioeconomic status may impact survival...

    Authors: Alexander L. Lazarides, Julia D. Visgauss, Daniel P. Nussbaum, Cindy L. Green, Dan G. Blazer III, Brian E. Brigman and William C. Eward

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:488

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Both the adenoma detection rate (ADR) and proximal serrated polyp detection rate (PSPDR) vary among endoscopists. It is unclear how these variations influence colorectal cancer (CRC) screening effectiveness. W...

    Authors: Maxime E. S. Bronzwaer, Marjolein J. E. Greuter, Arne G. C. Bleijenberg, Joep E. G. IJspeert, Evelien Dekker and Veerle M. H. Coupé

    Citation: BMC Cancer 2018 18:465

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