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Table 2 Mean score comparisons between the HNC patients and the general population

From: Depression, anxiety, fatigue, and quality of life in a large sample of patients suffering from head and neck cancer in comparison with the general population

Scale / Item HNC patients General population d rit HNC
M SD M SD
PHQ-9
 Item 1. Loss of interest 0.81 0.95 0.52 0.63 0.37 0.75
 Item 2. Feeling depressed 0.67 0.90 0.38 0.60 0.39 0.79
 Item 3. Sleep problems 1.13 1.11 0.63 0.75 0.54 0.59
 Item 4. Loss of energy 1.08 1.01 0.65 0.70 0.50 0.77
 Item 5. Appetite problems 0.77 1.03 0.28 0.56 0.61 0.62
 Item 6. Self-blame 0.26 0.63 0.20 0.48 0.11 0.58
 Item 7. Concentration problems 0.44 0.74 0.39 0.60 0.07 0.66
 Item 8. Agitation/retardation 0.60 0.93 0.16 0.45 0.64 0.61
 Item 9. Suicidal ideation 0.17 0.51 0.10 0.35 0.16 0.51
PHQ-9 Sum score (range 0–27) 5.95 5.88 3.30 3.65 0.56 α=0.89
 95% CI of mean [5.55–6.35] [3.20–3.40]   
GAD-2 (range 0–6) 1.35 1.70 0.77 1.15 0.41 α=0.87
 95% CI of mean [1.23–1.47] [0.75–0.79]   
C30 Fatigue (range 0–100) 46.2 28.4 17.1 21.6 1.16 α=0.91
 95% CI of mean [44.2–48.2] [16.2–18.0]   
C30 QoL (range 0–100) 53.8 21.9 73.0 19.6 −0.93 α=0.91
 95% CI of mean [52.3–55.3] [72.2–73.8]   
  1. d Effect size for the comparison H&N patients – general population, rit Part-whole corrected item-test correlation, α Cronbach’s alpha